Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Chhattisgarh State of India



Chhattisgarh is one of the eight Empowered Action Group (EAG) States of India.  Before 2000, it used to be part of Madhya Pradesh State of India.  The state comprised of 25.5 million people and around 12.8 million (more than half) males as per census 2011.  The urban population was around 6 million with half of them were males in 2011.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Illnesses in Chhattisgarh State has been given sex wise and as per their residence too. These rates are based on one Large Scale Annual Health Survey which was conducted in the year 2010-11 for eight EAG States besides the state of Assam, the major North-Eastern State of India.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Chhattisgarh State have been given per one lakh (one tenth of a million) males and females. 
Prevalence (Per Lakh*) of Chronic Diseases in Chhattisgarh State of India
Chronic Diseases
Chhattisgarh
Chhattisgarh (Rural)
Chhattisgarh (Urban)

Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Diabetes
690
432
426
249
1634
1105
Hypertension
480
670
263
398
1253
1672
Tuberculosis (TB)
251
137
262
128
213
168
Asthma
511
369
496
339
564
480
Arthritis
452
759
478
757
360
763
Other Chronic Diseases
1722
1740
1685
1649
1853
2074
Any Kind of Chronic Disease
4106
4107
3609
3521
5877
6262
·          1 Million = 10 Lakhs
It can be seen that prevalence of Chronic Illness is much higher in Urban Chhattisgarh (around 5.9% for males and 6.3% for females) than in Rural Chhattisgarh (around 3.6% for males and 3.5% for females).  
Urban females are more chronic ill than males, whereas rural males are a few more chronic ill than females.  It may be seen that Life style diseases namely, Hypertension and Diabetes are prevalent much more particularly in urban part of the State than other chronic diseases.  In the State, prevalence of arthritis is more in rural areas.  Also in rural areas, prevalence of arthritis is most occurring than other listed diseases particularly with females.  Asthma is little more prevalent chronic disease in urban areas than in the rural areas with both males and females.  Tuberculosis is the last in the list as per its prevalence vis-a- vis other listed chronic illnesses.  Its prevalence is more with rural males than urban males of the state, whereas its prevalence is more with urban females than rural females.

Males in both areas are more prone to be Diabetics than females, whereas females are more hypertensive than males in both rural as well as in urban parts of the state. 

Tuberculosis is affecting more males than females in both the areas.

Females in both areas are more affected by arthritis than males, whereas males are more down with Asthma than females.

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