Monday, June 29, 2015

Religious Practices in India through figures




The number count of people practicing various religions in India is being known through various population censuses and for the 2001; the figures are given as below:

DISTRIBUTION OF POPULATION BY RELIGION

Religion
Number
Percentage
All Religious Communities
1028610328
100.0
Hindus
827578868
80.5
Muslims
138188240
13.4
Chritians
24080016
2.3
Sikhs
19215730
1.9
Buddhists
7955207
0.8
Jains
4225053
0.4
Others
6639626
0.6
Religion Not Stated
727588
0.1

Hinduism is the largest religious group in India; its more than 1 billion adherents (2001) compose 80.5% of the population.  Hindus comprise a majority in most of the states in India and are quite in good number also in Manipur (46%), Arunachal Pradesh (35%), Jammu and Kashmir (30%), Punjab (37%) and Meghalaya (13%).  They are in minority in the states/UT of Nagaland (8%), Mizoram (4%) and Lakshadweep (4%) in the year 2001, The latter states/UTs from Manipur to Lakshadweep are having majority of other minority religions,

Islam is the largest minority religion in India. According to the 2001 census, India is home to 138 million Muslims, the world's third-largest Muslim population after those in Indonesia (210 million) and Pakistan (166 million). Muslims compose 13.4% of the Indian population. Muslims are a majority in the state/UT Jammu and Kashmir (67%) and Lakshadweep (95%), and live in high concentrations in Assam (31%), Kerala (25%), West Bengal (25%), Uttar Pradesh (18.5%), Bihar (17%), Jharkhand (14%), Delhi (12%), Uttaranchal (12%), Karnataka (12%) and Maharashtra (11%).

Christianity is the third largest religion of India, making up 2.3% of the population. Christians comprise a majority in Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya and have significant populations in Manipur, Goa, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kerala and Arunachal Pradesh.

As of 2001, there were 19.2 million Sikhs in India. Punjab is the spiritual home of Sikhs, and is the only state in India where Sikhs form a majority. There are also significant populations of Sikhs in neighboring Chandigarh (16%) Delhi (4%) and Haryana (5.5%). 

None of other religions form majority in any state.  Only Buddhists are in high concentrations in Sikkim (28%) and Arunachal Pradesh (13%) and other many ethnic faiths etc. are forming some concentration in Arunachal Pradesh (31%).

The proportions of various major religious groups in India over the years 1951-2011 are given as below:

Religious Group
1951
1961
1971
1981
1991
2001
2011
Hinduism
84.10%
83.45%
82.73%
82.30%
81.53%
80.46%
78.35%
Islam
9.80%
10.69%
11.21%
11.75%
12.61%
13.43%
14.88%
Christianity
2.30%
2.44%
2.60%
2.44%
2.32%
2.34%
n/a
Sikhism
1.79%
1.79%
1.89%
1.92%
1.94%
1.87%
n/a
Buddhism
0.74%
0.74%
0.70%
0.70%
0.77%
0.77%
n/a
Jainism
0.46%
0.46%
0.48%
0.47%
0.40%
0.41%
n/a
Ethnic faiths, others
0.43%
0.43%
0.41%
0.42%
0.44%
0.72%
n/a
Zoroastrianism
0.13%
0.09%
0.09%
0.09%
0.08%
0.06%
n/a


It could be seen that in India the growth of Islam is more than most of other religions over the various decades. Christianity, Sikhism and Buddhism are maintaining their proportions or one may say that they have increased very marginally as compared to 1951/1961. Over the years, Hinduism is loosing its shine decade after decade.

Tuesday, June 16, 2015

Delhi most uncaring city: Survey by HelpAge India




A recent study by HelpAge India has observed from a survey of ten cities that Delhi is the most uncaring city for elders (probably having age 60 years or over).  The survey was carried out in just 200 households selected from 20 middle and upper class localities in 10 cities.  The cities are mostly multi million cities and these are Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Nagpur, Kanpur and Madurai.  The share in the sample for each of the cities under study is meagre.  The share is also same for all the cities irrespective of their number of households having at least one elder.  Also they have left out the low income group localities.  

The observations made seem to be quite generalized in this news item.  On the basis of such a sample design, such generalized comments are having very little ground.  I wish a better sample design should have been taken with more sample size in each of the cities considered for making the comments to be valid for the entire and all the cities under study.