Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Dynamics of population of Maharashtra State of India

As per the data published by the Indian Census authority, Maharashtra State of India comprise of about one-tenth of India’s total population as per 2011 Census.  Its population has grown about 16% during the decade (2001-11), whereas all-India has grown by 17.64% during the corresponding period.  Thus, there are many other states who are growing faster than Maharashtra.  The highest growth in total population has been observed for the district Thane (about 36%) of Maharashtra, whereas its Mumbai district has witnessed negative growth of about 6% during the decade.  The other two districts namely, Ratnagiri and Sindhudurg also downsized and this was only in their rural areas. 
Although the urbanization has increased by only 3% from 42% in 2001, the population pressure has decreased in Mumbai district (which is only urban) by about 6% during the decade.  The decadal growth of females had been more than that of males in the Maharashtra.  The only district Hingoli where there had been marginal increase in rural population share and it is now around 85%.  The Maharashtra share of urban population (45%) is much more than that of All-India (31%). 
 The sex ratio for total population of Maharashtra has now improved from 922 (2001) to 925 (2011) as against 978 in the 1901 census.  There had been decrease in sex ratio in rural population of Maharashtra from 960 in 2001 census to 948 this census.  Urban sex ratio has improved from 873 to 899 over the last two censuses.  For the year 2011, the sex ratio in urban areas has improved over all the censuses conducted since 1901 in the state of Maharashtra.  The urban sex ratio for the district Nandurbar has decreased from 930 to 891.  Most of the districts have shown decreased sex ratio in their rural population except for the districts namely, Wardha, Nagpur, Chandrapur, Thane, Sanli and Yavatmal.

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