Monday, November 5, 2012

Prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Urban Areas of Eight EAG and Assam States of India


There are eight Empowered Action Group (EAG) States, namely, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and three sister states : Uttaranchal, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand.  It was seen that the EAG States had poor indicators on demographic stabilization at the time of launching the National Rural Health Mission (NRHM).  Here below we intend to have some idea of status of Chronic Illnesses in these Group of States individually and also in the State of Assam in their Urban Areas. One Large Scale Annual Health Survey has been conducted in the year 2010-11 for eight EAG States besides the state of Assam, the major North-Eastern State of India.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Diseases in the various EAG States and in the Assam North-East Major State have been given per one lakh (one tenth of a million) persons for their urban areas. 
.
.Prevalence (Per Lakh*) of Chronic Diseases in Urban Areas of the EAG and Assam States
States
Diabetes
Hypertension
Tuberculosis
Asthma
Arthritis
Any Kind of Chronic Disease
Chhattisgarh
1377
1456
191
523
556
6064
Madhya Pradesh
741
1382
138
348
607
5368
Uttar Pradesh
619
815
243
420
728
6216
Uttarakhand
1436
1843
187
393
988
9049
Odisha
1622
2239
92
563
294
8255
Rajasthan
344
541
86
234
308
2714
Bihar
699
944
307
616
1116
7313
Jharkhund
924
1062
193
307
760
5564
Assam
1400
2910
199
511
1213
11901

*Ten Lakhs = 1 million

It can be seen that prevalence of Chronic Illness is much higher in Urban Assam (around 12%) than in any of the EAG Group of States (next being in Urban Uttarakhand which is around 9%).   Surprisingly, Urban Uttarakhand has a high degree of chronic illness of 9%, more than that in Urban Uttar Pradesh where it is about 6.2%.  Urban Rajasthan has the least prevalence (around 2.7%) of chronic illnesses. Urban Odisha also have a high degree of chronic illness, it is over 8% and it is followed by Bihar ( over 7%).  Urban Chhattisgarh, Urban Jharkhand and followed by Urban Uttar Pradesh have almost the similar prevalence (around 6%) of chronic illnesses. 
It can be seen that Life style diseases namely, Hypertension chronic disease is troubling most the inhabitants of most of the urban areas of these states except of Urban Bihar and TB is the chronic disease which is effecting least the residents of  most of urban part of these states. Diabetes’ prevalence is the next to Hypertension in almost all the urban residents of these states. 
Diabetes is seen to be more effecting the inhabitants of urban Odisha, followed by urban Uttarakhand and then by urban Assam and Chhattisgarh.
Prevalence of hypertension disease is highest in urban Assam, followed by urban Odisha and then urban Uttarakhand.  It is observed to be least prevalent in Rajasthan out these nine states. 
Tuberculosis is effecting the residents of urban Bihar most, followed by those of Uttar Pradesh and then by those of Assam.
Asthma is more prevalent in the State of Bihar, followed by Odissa and Chhattisgarh.
In the State of Assam, prevalence of arthritis is highest.  It is next most occurring in the state of Bihar, followed by Uttarakhand.

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