Wednesday, December 5, 2012

Dynamics of population of Gujarat State of India

As per the data published by the Indian Census authority, Gujarat State of India comprise of about five percent of India’s total population as per 2011 Census.  Its population has grown about 19% during the decade (2001-11), whereas all-India has grown by 17.64% during the corresponding period.  Thus, there are many other states who are growing less faster than Gujarat.  The highest growth in total population has been observed for the district Kachchh (about 32%) of Gujarat, whereas its Amreli district has witnessed lowest growth of about 8.6% during the decade.  The other three districts namely, Surat, Gandhinagar (Capital) and Ahmadabad also downsized their rural areas. 
Although the urbanization has increased by over 5% from about 37% in 2001, the population pressure has decreased only in Dohad district (which is mainly rural) by about 1/2% during the decade.  The decadal growth of females had been less than that of males in the Gujarat.  The only district Dohad where there had been marginal increase in rural population share and it is now around 91% from 90%.  The Gujarat share of urban population (42.6%) is much more than that of All-India (31.2%). 
The sex ratio for total population of Gujarat has lowered further during the last decade from 920 (2001) to 918 (2011) as against 954 in the 1901 census.  There had been increase in sex ratio in rural population of Gujarat from 945 in 2001 census to 947 this census.  Urban sex ratio has remained same at 880 over the last two censuses.  For the year 2001 and 2011, the sex ratio in urban areas has remained at the lowest level in all the censuses conducted since 1901 in the state of Gujarat.  The urban sex ratio for the district Surat has decreased from already lowest level of 763 to further low level of 757.  Sixteen out of 26 districts have shown increased sex ratio in their rural population.  Highest/ lowest sex ratio in rural part of the various districts is in Tapi (1009) / Kachchh (910) districts respectively.

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