Friday, November 30, 2012

Total Fertility Rate in India is on decline

The Total Fertility Rate (TFR) of a population is the average number of children that would be born to a woman over her lifetime.
As per ORGI’s Sample Registration System’s Statistical Reports, the Total Fertility Rate (TFR) across the country had declined to 2.5 in 2010 from 3.0 in 2003.
While 21 states or Union Territories out of 35 states have achieved the replacement level of TFR of 2.1.  The states having TFR falling in the range [2.2, 2.5] are six states namely, Assam, Gujarat, Haryana, Odisha, Uttarakhand (2.3 as per Annual Health Survey) and Arunachal Pradesh and the remaining eight states/UTs have TFR between above 2.5 and these are: Six EAG States (Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh) and other two are Meghalaya and Dadra and Nagar Haveli.   
The latter two are smaller state/UT for which data is available only up to 2007 and the present classification is based on the trends in the past.  The highest TFR for any state/UT is for Bihar (3.7) followed by Uttar Pradesh (3.5).
The strategic requirement is to increase the Contraceptive Prevalence Rate by reducing the unmet need.  The same can be done by making Family Planning Services available in a reliable manner to eligible couples, particularly to the more needy the above mentioned States.

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