Tuesday, November 6, 2012

Prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Uttar Pradesh State of India


Uttar Pradesh (UP) is the major eight Empowered Action Group (EAG) States of India.  The state comprised of 120 million people and around 105 million (more than half) males as per census 2011.  The urban population was around 44.5 million with males 23.6 millions in 2011.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Illnesses in UP State has been given sex wise and as per their residence too. These rates are based on one Large Scale Annual Health Survey which was conducted in the year 2010-11 for eight EAG States besides the state of Assam, the major North-Eastern State of India.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Diseases in UP State have been given per one lakh (one tenth of a million) males and females. 
Prevalence (Per Lakh*) of Chronic Diseases in Uttar Pradesh State of India
Chronic Diseases
Uttar Pradesh
Uttar Pradesh (Rural)
Uttar Pradesh (Urban)

Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Diabetes
325
248
220
166
687
544
Hypertension
368
636
295
527
621
1030
Tuberculosis (TB)
327
250
347
257
260
225
Asthma
644
482
698
511
458
377
Arthritis
738
1270
822
1334
450
1036
Other Chronic Diseases
4022
5527
4327
5985
2976
3853
Any Kind of Chronic Disease
6425
8411
6709
8780
5452
7064
·          1 Million = 10 Lakhs

As per estimates for the year 2011, there were 14.75 million chronic patients in UP. About two millions were having arthritis.  About one million persons of UP state were hypertensive.  Attack of Asthma was troubling over one million persons there.  Over half a million were diabetic. TB was prevalent equally (over half a million) in the state.

It can be seen that prevalence of Chronic Illness is higher in Rural UP (around 6.7% for males and 8.8% for females) than in Urban UP (around 5.4% for males and 7.1% for females). It may be seen that most prevalent chronic disease is Arthritis in rural UP and Diabetes is the least prevalent chronic illness.  In urban UP, most prevalent chronic disease is Diabetes for males and Arthritis and Hypertension for females and TB is the least prevalent chronic illness.
Both rural males and females are more chronic ill than urban males and females respectively.  In both the areas, females are more chronic ill than males proportionally.  In the State, prevalence of arthritis is much more in both rural and urban areas with females than males.  Asthma is little more prevalent chronic disease in rural areas than in the urban areas for both the sexes.  Prevalence of TB is more with males than females for both urban and rural areas of the state.
Females are more hypertensive than males in both rural as well as in urban parts of the state, whereas males are more diabetic than females in the state. 
Tuberculosis is affecting more males than females in both the areas.
Females in both areas are more affected by arthritis than males, whereas males are more down with Asthma than females.

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