Wednesday, November 7, 2012

Prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Assam State of India


Assam is the major North-Eastern State of India.  The state comprised of 31 million people and around 16 million (more than half) males as per census 2011.  The urban population was around 4.4 million with males 2.3 millions in 2011.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Illnesses in Assam State has been given sex wise and as per their residence too. These rates are based on one Large Scale Annual Health Survey which was conducted in the year 2010-11 for eight EAG States besides the state of Assam State.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Assam State have been given per one lakh (one tenth of a million) males and females. 
Prevalence (Per Lakh*) of Chronic Diseases in Assam State of India
Chronic Diseases
Assam
Assam (Rural)
Assam (Urban)

Males
Females
Males
Females
Males
Females
Diabetes
653
423
421
291
1720
1053
Hypertension
1504
1983
1231
1754
2758
3075
Tuberculosis (TB)
354
218
381
229
228
168
Asthma
646
540
676
546
511
512
Arthritis
1107
1600
1157
1605
877
1577
Other Chronic Diseases
5125
5782
5104
5706
5224
6147
Any Kind of Chronic Disease
9389
10546
8970
10131
11317
12532
·          1 Million = 10 Lakhs
As per estimates for the year 2011, there were over three million chronic patients in Assam. Over half a million were hypertensive. 

It can be seen that prevalence of Chronic Illness is higher in Urban Assam (around 11.3% for males and 12.5% for females) than in Rural Assam (around 9% for males and 10.1% for females). It may be seen that most prevalent chronic disease is Hypertension in rural as well as in urban Assam and TB is the least prevalent chronic illness in both the areas. 
In both the areas, females are more chronic ill than males.  In the State, prevalence of arthritis is much more in both rural and urban areas with females than males.  Asthma is equally prevalent chronic disease in urban areas for both the sexes.  It is higher with males than females in rural Assam.  Prevalence of TB is more with males than females for both urban and rural areas of the state.
Females are more hypertensive than males in both rural as well as in urban parts of the state, whereas males are more diabetic than females in the state. Occurrence is much more  with males in urban.

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