Monday, November 19, 2012

Tuberculosis Burden in India is over three Millions



One Large Scale Annual Health Survey has been conducted in the year 2010-11 for nine States namely, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Chhattisgarh and Jharkhand and Assam.  Fact Sheets for the same were released shortly.  Here below the prevalence of Chronic Disease TB in these States have been given per one lakh (one tenth of a million) persons. 
.
States
Tuberculosis
Population (2011)
Estimate of Persons Diagnosed for TB (2011)
Chhattisgarh
195
25540196
49803
Madhya Pradesh
169
72597565
122690
Uttar Pradesh
290
199581477
578786
Uttarakhand
189
10116752
19121
Odisha
139
41947358
58307
Rajasthan
108
68621012
74111
Bihar
479
103804637
497224
Jharkhund
260
32966238
85712
Assam
288
31169272
89768
Total of Nine States
269
586344507
1575522

Using population provisional estimates from Census 2011, the number of people diagnosed for TB in these nine states has been estimated as about 1.58 millions of the persons in these nine states in the year 2011.  This is the minimal (lower bound) of the effected persons by TB in these states of India.  On working backwards, one can say that TB prevalence in these states is about 0.27%.  Minimum TB Burden in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar states cross one million persons and it is about 70% of the total burden of these nine states.
If one assumes the average prevalence rate of these nine states as the prevalence rate in India, the minimum number of persons effected by this disease in India would be around 3.26 millions. 

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